Assessment · Educational Philosophy · Teaching

The Tyranny of Metrics

Title: The Tyranny of Metrics

Author: Jerry Muller

The Tyranny of Metrics
Princeton University | English | 2018 | ISBN-10: 0691174954 | 240 pages

by Jerry Muller (Author)

How the obsession with quantifying human performance threatens our schools, medical care, businesses, and government

Today, organizations of all kinds are ruled by the belief that the path to success is quantifying human performance, publicizing the results, and dividing up the rewards based on the numbers. But in our zeal to instill the evaluation process with scientific rigor, we’ve gone from measuring performance to fixating on measuring itself. The result is a tyranny of metrics that threatens the quality of our lives and most important institutions. In this timely and powerful book, Jerry Muller uncovers the damage our obsession with metrics is causing•and shows how we can begin to fix the problem.

Filled with examples from education, medicine, business and finance, government, the police and military, and philanthropy and foreign aid, this brief and accessible book explains why the seemingly irresistible pressure to quantify performance distorts and distracts, whether by encouraging “gaming the stats” or “teaching to the test.” That’s because what can and does get measured is not always worth measuring, may not be what we really want to know, and may draw effort away from the things we care about. Along the way, we learn why paying for measured performance doesn’t work, why surgical scorecards may increase deaths, and much more. But metrics can be good when used as a complement to•rather than a replacement for•judgment based on personal experience, and Muller also gives examples of when metrics have been beneficial.

Complete with a checklist of when and how to use metrics, The Tyranny of Metrics is an essential corrective to a rarely questioned trend that increasingly affects us all.

Economic historian Jerry Muller delivers a riposte to bean counters everywhere with this trenchant study of our fixation with performance metrics.–-Barbara Kiser, Nature

For every quantification, there’s a way of gaming it. So argues this timely manifesto against measured accountability. (Kirkus Reviews)

Many of us have the vague sense that metrics are leading us astray, stripping away context, devaluing subtle human judgement, and rewarding those who know how to play the system. Muller™s book crisply explains where this fashion came from, why it can be so counterproductive and why we don™t learn. It should be required reading for any manager on the verge of making the Vietnam body count mistake all over again.–-Tim Harford, Financial Times

As Muller says ˜anything that can be measured and rewarded will be gamed.™ Too many people appear oblivious to this basic fact of life. A close reading of Muller™s excellent, if somewhat brief, introduction to the pitfalls of quantitative measurement should set them right.–-Edward Chancellor, Breakingviews

There is also ample evidence, expertly summarised in Jerry Muller™s recent book, The Tyranny of Metrics, that metrics can be counter-productive. (The Economist)

“In this clear and compelling book, Jerry Muller shows how our attempts to improve organizational outcomes through quantitative measures have metastasized into a culture of gaming and manipulation. Through carefully researched case studies on education, healthcare, and compensation, The Tyranny of Metrics makes a convincing case that we need to restore judgment and ethical considerations at a time when shallow quantification threatens the integrity of our most important institutions.”•Rakesh Khurana, Harvard Business School

“Have you ever wondered why universities make the mistake of hiring presidents with little or no experience in higher education, or why, nine times out of ten, these foreign imports fail? Then read Jerry Muller’s new book and you will understand such folly as one more instance of an unhappy, massive trend•abandoning the situated judgment of experienced professionals in favor of the supposedly objective judgment promised (but not delivered) by the magic bullet of metrics: standardized measures and huge data banks touted as generating insight and wisdom all by themselves. Muller dismantles this myth in a brisk and no-nonsense prose that has this reader crying ˜yes, yes’ at every sentence.”•Stanley Fish, author of Winning Arguments and Think Again

“Quantification, once only a tool, has become a cult. I can think of no better deprogrammer than Jerry Muller, whose renowned skills in dissecting political and social doctrines are evident here. The Tyranny of Metrics should be essential reading for managers and the managed alike.”•Edward Tenner, author of The Efficiency Paradox: What Big Data Can’t Do and Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences

“In The Tyranny of Metrics, Jerry Muller has brought to life the many ways in which numerical evaluations result in deleterious performance: in our schools, our universities, our hospitals, our military, and our businesses. This book addresses a major problem.”•George A. Akerlof, Nobel Prizewinning economist

“The Tyranny of Metrics is an important and accessible book about a growing problem. It comes as close as anything I’ve read to showing us how to break out of the dysfunctional cycle of measuring, finding out that measuring doesn’t get us where we want to go, but then measuring some more.”•David Chinitz, School of Public Health, Hebrew University Hadassah Medical School

Assessment · Books · Teaching

Understanding Test and Exam Results Statistically

Title: Understanding Test and Exam Results Statistically: An Essential Guide for Teachers and School Leaders

Author: Kaycheng Soh

2016 | ISBN-10: 9811015805 | 155 pages

Provides essential knowledge on and improves readers’ skills in handling student test scores.
Uses concrete examples related to the readers’ day-to-day tasks and gives the readers a sense of classroom/school reality.

Understanding Test and Exam Results Statistically: An Essential Guide for Teachers and School Leaders (repost)

Technical terms kept at the necessary minimum level and the language of presentation is conversational, thus avoiding the academic and technical style.

This book shares the goal of the classic text How to Lie with Statistics, namely, preventing and correcting statistical misconceptions that are common among practitioners, though its focus is on the educational context. It illustrates and discusses the essentials of educational statistics that will help educational practitioners to do this part of their job properly, i.e., without making conceptual mistakes. The examples are cast in the school/classroom contexts, based on realistic rather than theoretical examples.

“The strongest aspect of the work or author’s view is that the author can put himself in the shoes of teachers and make the work a very practical guide for teachers and school leaders. As a very experienced educator and researcher, the author knows very well about the knowledge skills that are essential for the professional development of teachers. He is able to explain the statistical and measurement concepts in plain language and with examples that are highly relevant to the target audience. In addition, the author also conveyed an important message to the target audience throughout the work… by pointing out the mistakes and misunderstandings of the interpretation of test scores and measurement design. The author reminds the audience about the importance of proper use of tests and test scores when teachers and school leaders make any education decisions, which has much implication on the professional integrity of teachers and school leaders.”
Dr. Joyce Kwan, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
“This book covers all the statistical tools for analyzing educational data and provides examples to explain the ideas. Chapters 10-17 are practical data analysis in educational data that helps readers have a better understanding of the procedure to analyze the data.”
Dr. Alpha Ling, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
“It looks like a very interesting book with attractive topics and practical problems in educational statistics. Though the topics remind me of the classic book How to Lie with Statistics, this book aims at preventing and correcting statistical misconceptions in educational context.”
Dr. Zhu Ying, National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Assessment · Books · Educational Philosophy · Science · STEM

Advancing Women in Science

Title: Advancing Women in Science

Author: Willie Pearson
Springer | Business & Management | April 24 2015 | ISBN-10: 3319086286 | 344 pages |
Advancing Women in Science

Many countries have implemented policies to increase the number and quality of scientific researchers as a means to foster innovation and spur economic development and progress. To that end, grounded in a view of women as a rich, yet underutilized knowledge and labor resource, a great deal of recent attention has focused on encouraging women to pursue education and careers in science ― even in countries with longstanding dominant patriarchal regimes. Yet, overall, science remains an area in which girls and women are persistently disadvantaged. This book addresses that situation. It bridges the gap between individual- and societal-level perspectives on women in science in a search for systematic solutions to the challenge of building an inclusive and productive scientific workforce capable of creating the innovation needed for economic growth and societal wellbeing.

This book examines both the role of gender as an organizing principle of social life and the relative position of women scientists within national and international labor markets. Weaving together and engaging research on globalization, the social organization of science, and gendered societal relations as key social forces, this book addresses critical issues affecting women’s contributions and participation in science. Also, while considering women’s representation in science as a whole, examinations of women in the chemical sciences, computing, mathematics, and statistics are offered as examples to provide insights into how differing disciplinary cultures, functional tasks, and socio-historical conditions can affect the advancement of women in science relative to important variations in educational and occupational realities.

Edited by three social scientists recognized for their expertise in science and technology policy, education, workforce participation, and stratification, this book includes contributions from an intellectually diverse group of international scholars and analysts, and features compelling cases and initiatives from around the world, with implications for research, industry practice, education, and policy

Paths to Career and Success for Women in Science: Findings from International Research
Title: Paths to Career and Success for Women in Science: Findings from International Research
Authors: Britta Thege, Silvester Popescu-Willigmann, Roswitha Pioch and Sabah Badri-Höher
English | 2014 | ISBN: 3658040602 | ISBN-13: 9783658040604 | 320 pages

Gender equality in science is a major challenge for higher education systems, which are facing many constraints. This book presents some of the latest research findings from Germany, South Africa and Austria on women’s careers in science and research. The volume provides insights into the research system from a female career perspective, and highlights the lessons women can learn from the findings in order to promote their own careers.

Assessment · Blended · ICT · Software · Teaching

Classroom Spy

Title: EduIQ Classroom Spy Professional 4.1.3

Simple and effective classroom management software. Put classroom management to a higher level. This software lets you see what everyone’s doing – without leaving your desk. You can monitor the activity of all student computers in your classroom remotely. Plus, you can share your screen with your students’ record activity, control computers, make demos, limit the internet usage, block applications and much more.

Take Control Now
It is hard to teach a group of people how to use a computer. Discipline in classroom can be an issue. We can truly help you with this. Yes, such training isn’t easy. For someone who’s doing something right, there are probably two others doing it wrong, playing games, checking email, shopping…

Main Features:
• Displaying a live picture of a remote computer.
• You can take control of a remote computer by controlling its mouse and keyboard.
• More remote screens can be displayed in a table.
• Computers can be organized in computer groups (e.g. classrooms)
• A remote screen can be zoomed to an actual size.
• The name of the connected user is displayed.
• Record remote computers screens to MPG4 files.
• Show your desktop to students or show student desktop to students
• Power on/off, restart, hibernate, suspend remote computers
• Log off desktop users
• Lock workstation
• Clear desktop
• Control screen-saver
• Block Internet
• Block applications
• Mute remote computers
• Limit remote computers audio volume level
• Disable printing
• Disable Ctr+Alt+Del
• Blank screen
• Start program on remote computers and see the output
• Open web page on remote computers
• Multi-monitor support
• Control over running processes and applications
• You can lock selected remote computers
• You can display a message on selected remote computers.
• When lower bandwidth is required, the refresh interval can be enlarged.
• Automatic connection to a remote computer is optional.
• Settings for the agent are encrypted and password protected.
• Connection to a remote computer is password protected.
• Access to monitoring the console is password protected. If more users use the same computer, different profiles and access passwords can be set.
• More monitoring consoles can be connected to the same remote computer – you can monitor your students from different locations.
• Agent can be remotely installed.
• Fast users switching is supported.
• Multi-session support for Remote Desktop, Terminal Services, Citrix,…
• Console can be used on smart phone or tablet

What are the major benefits of using Classroom Spy Pro?
• Installation and use of the application is very easy since all of the functions can be accessed with a few mouse clicks.
• You have complete control over what remote users are doing.
• This application provides you with a live picture of the remote computer screens.
• You can make the presentation by showing your live screen to students or presenting student screen to others.
• Application allows you to take over the remote computer by controlling its mouse and keyboard.
• The remote computers´ screens are represented in the table with a customizable number of rows as thumbnails.
• Schedule remote computers desktop recording to MPEG4 files
• Execute several actions on all remote computers with on click
• Block applications and Internet access
• Log visited web pages
• Log used applications
• Log keystrokes – keylogger
• …and much more – see feature list and screen-shots

What’s New in Classroom Spy Pro 4:
• Classroom monitoring – see live screens of all students’ computers
• Show your screen to students
• Take a control (mouse & keyboard) over student computer
• Lock all students’ computers to get the attention
• Record remote computers screens to AVI files
• Execute several tools like power off, restart, hibernate, lock workstation,…
• Prevent Internet browsing (block ports, block / allow individual web sites)
• Start or stop applications and processes on remote computers
• Monitor thin clients, Terminal Services (RDP) sessions
• Can be remotely configured and installed
• Works on LAN, WLAN, VPN and Internet
• Password protected
• Multi monitor support

Supported Desktop Platforms:
• Windows XP, Windows 2003 Windows Vista (32/64) bit
• Windows 7 (32/64) bit
• Windows 8 / 8.1 (32/64) bit
• Windows 10 (32/64) bit

Assessment · Educational Philosophy · Emerging Trends · Organizations · Teaching

Building School 2.0

Title: Building School 2.0: How to Create the Schools We Need

Authors: Chris Lehmann, Zac Chase
English | ISBN: 1118076826 | 2015 | 304 pages


Ninety-five propositions for creating more relevant, more caring schools
There is a growing desire to reexamine education and learning. Educators use the phrase “school 2.0” to think about what schools will look like in the future. Moving beyond a basic examination of using technology for classroom instruction, is a larger discussion of how education, learning, and our physical school spacescan—and should—change because of the changing nature of our lives brought on by these technologies.

Well known for their work in creating Science Leadership Academy (SLA), a technology-rich, collaborative, learner-centric school in Philadelphia, founding principal Chris Lehmann and former SLA teacher Zac Chase are uniquely qualified to write about changing how we educate. The best strategies, they contend, enable networked learning that allows research, creativity, communication, and collaboration to help prepare students to be functional citizens within a modern society. Their model includes discussions of the following key concepts:

Technology must be ubiquitous, necessary, and invisible
Classrooms must be learner-centric and use backwards design principles
Good technology can be better than new technology
Teachers must serve as mentors and bring real-world experiences to students
Each section of Building School 2.0 presents a thesis designed to help educators and administrators to examine specific practices in their schools, and to then take their conclusions from theory to practice. Collectively, the theses represent a new vision of school, built off of the best of what has come before us, but with an eye toward a future we cannot fully imagine.

Education 2.0: The LearningWeb Revolution and the Transformation of the School
Title: Education 2.0: The LearningWeb Revolution and the Transformation of the School

Author: Leonard J. Waks
English | 20 Aug. 2013 | ISBN: 1612050360, 1612050352 | 256 Pages
Thirty years of spirited school reforms have failed to improve our schools and instead have left our public school systems in disarray. Meanwhile, employment prospects for high school and college graduates are fading, and the public is losing faith in its schools.

Title: The Secret Reasons Why Teachers Are Not Using Web 2.0 Tools and What School Librarians Can Do about It


Author: Peggy Creighton Ph.D.
English | 2012 | ISBN: 1586835327 | 71 pages

Web 2.0 and its associated tools have the power to substantially increase student achievement. This book has two straightforward primary purposes: to detail the research-based reasons classroom teachers fail to incorporate Web 2.0 tools into their instruction and collaboration with other educators; and to provide actionable strategies to rectify these omissions.
The Secret Reasons Why Teachers Are Not Using Web 2.0 Tools and What School Librarians Can Do about It provides authoritative definitions of Web 2.0, explains the types of Web 2.0 tools suited for use in educational settings, examines the research-based reasons they are underutilized, and offers strategies for school librarians to model the use of technology-enabled tools—and for teaching others to do so. This book will benefit anyone wishing to effect a positive social change in improving student achievement: practicing K–12 librarians and educators, K–12 school and district administrators, and researchers in the field of K–12 education.

Assessment · ICT · Organizations · Research · STEM · Teaching

ICT Effects in Education

Title: Assessing the Effects of ICT in Education. Indicators, Criteria and Benchmarks for International Comparisons
Editors: Friedrich Scheuermann and Francesc Pedró
OECD, Joint Research Centre- European Commission
OECD | 02 June 2010 | ISBN: 9264079786 | 217 pages

This book aims to provide a basis for the design of frameworks, the identification of indicators and existing data sources, as well as gaps in areas needing further research.

The book is organised around four blocks: contexts of ICT impact assessment in education, state-of-the-art ICT impact assessment, conceptual frameworks and case studies.

Despite the fact that education systems have been heavily investing in technology since the early 1980s, international indicators on technology uptake and use in education are missing. The contributions stem from an international expert meeting in April 2009 organised by the Centre for Research on Lifelong Learning, in co-operation with OECD (CERI), on benchmarking technology use and effects in education. The contributions clearly demonstrate the need to develop a consensus around approaches, indicators and methodologies.


Chapter I — Context and general reflections
Chapter II — State of the Art
Chapter III — Conceptual frameworks
Chapter IV — Case studies

The OECD is an authoritative source for ICT and Education. The product annual Technology At A Glance reports that represent standards of excellence. Read their most recent report from November 2015 here.
Assessment · Books · Educational Philosophy · Emerging Trends · Teaching

The Future of Assessment

Title: The Testing and Learning Revolution: The Future of Assessment in Education

The Testing and Learning Revolution: The Future of Assessment in Education
Authors: Kavitha Rajagopalan, Edmund W. Gordon
2016 | ISBN-10: 1137519959 | 194 pages

Gordon shows how we can use assessment to support teaching and develop students’ competencies. Between 2011 and 2013, Gordon chaired an interdisciplinary commission of scholars and thinkers, who connected transformative research and ideas on learning, teaching, measurement, the nature of tests, intelligence, capability, technology, and policy.

Note: All the books presented in this blog. Include the original cover and review provided by the publisher. This information is used to accurately promote and show respect for these resources, the authors and the publishers.

Assessment · Educational Philosophy · Software · Teaching

Schoolhouse Test-making Software

Title:  Schoolhouse Test Professionalschoolhouse logo

Version: | PC | 27 Mb

The program Schoolhouse Test makes creating tests just fun. Create tests to evaluate and improve the study of any subject using different types of questions: the choice of answers, short answers, list, order, yes / no match, filling empty seats. You can even create a list with answers for students to record their answers and save the test document for future use. Otvetnik also simplifies the display of marks. Simply place a sheet with the answers of the student responses to the key top, you can easily count the number of correct answers. The program Schoolhouse Test is surprisingly simple to use with a very simple interface that allows you to see what it looks like a test as you create. Download an evaluation version of Schoolhouse Test and run the trial version.

Assess learning with varied question types

With Schoolhouse Test you can design custom tests to evaluate learning in any subject area using eight different question types: multiple-choice, fill-in-the-blanks, matching, short answer, list, order, true/false, long answer. Using various question types in your tests will make the test more interesting and challenging for your students. It can also make it easier to assess learning for material that does not conform to just the multiple-choice question type.

Save paper and cut marking time

One of the more popular features of Schoolhouse Test is the answer sheet. You can automatically create an answer sheet for students to record their answers on and save the actual test document for future use. Saves paper and photocopier costs. The answer sheet also makes for easy marking. Simply place a student answer sheet on top of the answer key on a lighted surface (such as an overhead projector) and you can score an entire test in seconds.

Create your first test in minutes

And Schoolhouse Test is surprisingly easy to use and very intuitive. It incorporates three views or work areas depending on the current task. You use the design view to construct your test, the document view to format the test and see exactly what it will look like when printed, and the answer sheet view to format the answer sheet and see what it will look like when printed, if you have opted to use an answer sheet that is.

One test, different questions

One of the top time-saving features in the design view is the option to activate and deactivate questions. You can, for example, design a master test with 100 questions but only use selected questions at a given time, turning them on and off as the situation demands.

Same questions, different tests

Another time-saving feature in the design view is the randomize function. You can, with a just a couple of mouse clicks, randomize all the selected questions in the test so that they are in a different order. You can even randomize elements within questions. So you can generate many different tests using the same question set.

A few more features to ease the test-making pain
• Create tests with hundreds, even thousands, of questions.
• Activate and deactivate test items with just a click of a checkbox.
• Assign and display marks for each question
• Display the total marks for the test on the first page of the test.
• Add a picture to each question.
• Use the section and divider lines to highlight areas of the test.
• Back-up your work automatically – an invaluable feature if your computer is prone to power outages.
• Select alternate lettering for multiple choice answers to meet formatting standards set by some USA state education authorities.

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Assessment · Books · Educational Philosophy · ICT · Teaching

Book Reviews – 21st-Century Assessment

Title: Next Generation Assessment: Moving Beyond the Bubble Test to Support 21st Century Learning

Author: Linda Darling-Hammond
English | 2014 | ISBN: 1118456173 | 144 pages

nextgenass_covNext Generation Assessment examines performance assessment as an alternative to the current high-stakes standardized testing system. This important resource provides a thorough analysis of the prospects and challenges of sustaining performance assessments on a large scale.

Linda Darling-Hammond, with a team of leading scholars, describes the history and current uses of performance assessments in the United States and abroad and summarizes the latest findings in the field.

The experts determine that large-scale testing in the United States may be dramatically improved by the thoughtful incorporation of well-constructed performance assessments that can represent higher-order, cognitively demanding standards. This summary volume to Beyond the Bubble Test is designed for the busy practitioner—and all who are interested in how schools can successfully supplement traditional tests with something that works better. Next Generation Assessment offers an accurate evaluation of the benefits and possibilities for adopting better performance assessments nationally.


Pointing to current policies and practice, this book is an excellent guide directing educators on how to transition to an assessment system that genuinely shapes, informs, and improves learning for all students and teachers.
—Governor Bob Wise, president, Alliance for Excellent Education; author of Raising the Grade

This book helps us to think strategically about accountability and assessment in our public schools and to understand how performance-based approaches—instead of rote memorization—can allow schools to support both deeper learning and higher standards.

Title: Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills

Author: Patrick Griffin, Barry McGaw and Esther Careassteach_cov
Springer | 2011 | ISBN: 9400723237 | 360 pages

Rapid—and seemingly accelerating—changes in the economies of developed nations are having a proportional effect on the skill sets required of workers in many new jobs. Work environments are often technology-heavy, while problems are frequently ill-defined and tackled by multidisciplinary teams. This book contains insights based on research conducted as part of a major international project supported by Cisco, Intel and Microsoft. It faces these new working environments head-on, delineating new ways of thinking about ‘21st-century’ skills and including operational definitions of those skills. The authors focus too on fresh approaches to educational assessment, and present methodological and technological solutions to the barriers that hinder ICT-based assessments of these skills, whether in large-scale surveys or classrooms. Equally committed to defining its terms and providing practical solutions, and including international perspectives and comparative evaluations of assessment methodology and policy, this volume tackles an issue at the top of most educationalists’ agendas.

Note: All the books presented in this blog. Include the original cover and review provided by the publisher. This information is used to accurately promote and show respect for these resources, the authors and the publishers.